FAFSA = Financial Aid = Money for College
Or Why you need to file a FAFSA
College affordability is a parent’s number one concern. The FAFSA or the FREE Application for Federal Student Aid strikes fear and trepidation in the hearts of all, but it doesn’t have to. Let’s face it, college is expensive, but it is worth the investment.
Numerous studies show that college graduates earn more money and have lower unemployment rates than high school graduates. Unless you are independently wealthy, realize that everybody, even wealthy folks struggle to pay for college. HOWEVER, there are numerous sources of funding and money to help make college more affordable. The FAFSA is the key to the door.
In any given year, there are more than $248 billion dollars’ worth of student financial aid available to help pay for college. Two thirds of it, $165 billion is from the federal government (with $96 billion in low interest federal education loans, and $70 billion in scholarships and grants, aka “free, no-strings-attached money”); $10 billion from state governments; $49 billion from universities and colleges; and $24 billion from private sources including scholarships, work-study, education tax benefits, and private loans.
Relax, you do not need to complete the FAFSA at one time, you can save the application and make changes and additions until you are ready to file it. Once it is filed, you can make corrections or updates up to a specified deadline.
All federal and state aid, as well as the vast majority of public and private college aid, and access to low cost federal loans are based on the FAFSA. Did you know that some schools require a FAFSA filing before awarding merit aid? The conclusion, even if do you not think that you qualify for financial aid, you SHOULD take the time and file this free application.
If your student receives financial aid, you will have to file the FAFSA every year they are in college. If your student receives merit aid only, check with the school, most schools will not require you to file the FAFSA after the first year.
There are numerous sources of FREE FAFSA help either directly from the government or other sources.
When filling out the FAFSA on-line, there are
helpful answers on each page,
a hotline: (800)433-3243
Live Help button where applicable
Here are the basics that you need to know:
FAFSA filing period for students starting college in the fall after senior year is from October 1 through June 30. E.g. student applying for freshman year starting 2019, can apply from Oct. 1, 2018 through June 30, 2019.
In California, the state deadline is March 2. This is for all California state Cal Grants and state aid
Each school has its own deadline for filing. The UC deadline is March 2; at many private schools the deadline is in February or March. If you are applying for early action or early decision, check to see if there is an earlier deadline
Because funding is awarded as long as funds are available FILE AS SOON AFTER APPLICATIONS OPEN AS POSSIBLE! The date on the application will be noted by the college, so that when they receive your college application they know when you filed your financial documents.
For both the FAFSA and CSS:Profile, you will use prior-prior year taxes. For a student starting college in 2019, taxes from 2017 will be used. You will use income information from the time period when you are filling in the form. You will use the cash or savings account balance as of the date you file.
If you file electronically, you may be able to link the FAFSA to your tax filing to have information added automatically. https://fafsa.ed.gov/help/irshlp8.htm
The FAFSA does not ask about the value of your house or your retirement accounts.
Get an estimate of the amount of federal and state aid you are eligible for and what your family is expected to pay using the FAFSA Forecaster from the FAFSA info page https://fafsa.ed.gov/
Documents needed for filing include:
Social security cards and driver’s license for student and parents
Most recent tax income returns, W-2s, 1099s, and other records of money earned the previous year (i.e. 2017 earnings for the FAFSA filing in 2019). If you have not completed your 2019 taxes, use the ones from 2014 to make your best estimates. If you have not received the W-2s, then make your best estimate, or wait until you do receive them if your earnings have changed significantly
Records of any untaxed income: welfare, Social Security, child support, or scholarships reported to the IRS
Current banking and non-retirement investments statements
Records or documents about unusual family financial circumstances including unreimbursed medical or dental expenses, unusually high dependent care costs (e.g. special needs child or elderly parent), death, divorce, salary reductions, job loss, retirement
Student and parents each need to create a separate FAFSA user name and password to use as a FAFSA ID. https://fsaid.ed.gov/npas/index.htm
Okay, it seems like a lot to do and it seems absolutely overwhelming. If you take the application one question at a time and use the help resources, you can complete the FAFSA. Give it a try!
(Note: DACA and DAPA families do not file a FAFSA, in California they file a California Dream Act Application; for more information: https://studentaid.ed.gov/sa/sites/default/files/financial-aid-and-undocumented-students.pdf ; https://studentaid.ed.gov/sa/eligibility/non-us-citizens )
For the 2019-2020 college year, file the FAFSA as soon after October 1, 2018 as possible
Gather your tax, income, savings and non-retirement account information, along with Social Security and Driver’s License
Go to: https://fafsa.ed.gov/ to get your FAFSA ID and fill out the application on-line
Check out the FAFSA4caster for an estimate before you start to give you encouragement https://fafsa.ed.gov/
If you can't complete your taxes, make your best estimate about income, you can make corrections and changes after you file
Check out free information sources. If you need help, ask, don't guess
Take a deep breath, you can do it!